If your dog does not have enough hemoglobin or red blood cells (occasionally both) circulating in his bloodstream, this is known as a condition called anemia. Red blood cells are essential - they supply oxygen to the rest of your dog’s body and remove carbon dioxide. Hemoglobin is the protein inside these cells, and it carries oxygen.
In sick or injured dogs, this process is interrupted and anemia can occur from a number of diseases, injuries or conditions, including:
- Parasite infestations (hookworms, roundworms, fleas, ticks, etc.) which result in blood loss
- Immune diseases, in which healthy blood cells are attacked by the immune system
- Canine influenza, parvovirus and other infectious diseases
- Poor nutrition